JPEG vs TIFF: Which File Format Is Finest?

The publish JPEG vs TIFF: Which File Format Is Best? appeared first on Digital Photography School. It was authored by Jeremy Flint.

JPEG vs TIFF: Which file format is best?

What’s the distinction between JPEG vs TIFF file codecs? And which must you use in your images?

On this information, I clarify all the pieces you want to find out about these two frequent codecs – together with what they’re, their advantages and disadvantages, and the way they examine. By the point you’re completed, you’ll know which file format is greatest in your pictures (whether or not you intend to do on-line sharing, high-end printing, or something in between).

So with out additional ado, let’s check out JPEG and TIFF information in flip:

What’s a JPEG file?

JPEGs are compressed picture information, standardized by (and named after) the Joint Photographic Consultants Group. They’re a standard format for storing digital pictures, they function 24-bit coloration and customized compression, and so they’re usually marked with a .JPG or .JPEG extension.

JPEG is likely one of the hottest picture compression codecs utilized by photographers at this time, however what makes it so nice?

JPEGs enable customers to retailer high-quality, viewable pictures – with out creating enormous file sizes. As I discussed above, JPEGs will be compressed (usually down to a couple hundred KB). That is nice for file sharing, plus it saves house and doubtlessly prevents pictures from being copied illegally.

In fact, compression does have its drawbacks. The extra you compress a picture, the extra knowledge you lose, which decreases picture high quality and limits modifying and printing flexibility.

What’s a TIFF file?

TIFF is a high-quality picture file format (the title stands for Tagged Picture File Format).  It creates a big, uncompressed file with no picture degradation or compression artifacts, identifiable by the .TIFF extension.

One nice benefit of TIFF information over JPEGs is that they are often created with 16 bits per channel (for larger color depth over 8-bit JPEGs). Additionally, not like JPEGs, they will retailer a number of layers, which is beneficial when modifying in a layer-based program similar to Photoshop.

Nonetheless, TIFF information take up extra space for storing than their JPEG counterparts.

JPEG vs TIFF: An in-depth comparability

JPEGs and TIFFs function related traits – however there are many variations, too. I spotlight all the primary options beneath.

JPEG vs TIFF: Compatibility

Files in Lightroom

JPEGs and TIFFs can usually be opened by the identical software program. Recordsdata of each varieties will be seen and edited utilizing a spread of images purposes for desktop and cell interfaces, from Adobe Lightroom and Photoshop to Preview (Mac customers) and Microsoft Home windows Images (Home windows customers).

Nonetheless, solely JPEGs will be reliably displayed by web browsers. You’ll battle to share TIFFs on web sites and social media.

JPEG vs TIFF: Printing

TIFF information provide larger coloration depth and enhanced picture high quality, so they’re often most well-liked when saving for large-format printing functions similar to a big poster or canvas print.

However in sure circumstances, high-quality JPEGs will be equally efficient for creating prints, as some skilled printing providers can’t reproduce the extra picture knowledge saved in TIFFs.

JPEG vs TIFF: Publish-processing flexibility

TIFF information embrace loads of knowledge, so you are able to do intensive post-processing in editors similar to Lightroom and Capture One with no noticeable lack of high quality. TIFFs are additionally nice for modifying in Photoshop, as they will save layers; that means, you possibly can all the time save your incomplete information with their Photoshop layers intact, then come again later for an additional spherical of changes.

JPEGs provide little modifying flexibility, and vital changes may cause disagreeable artifacts similar to banding. They can’t save layers.

One level value mentioning: Cameras don’t shoot in TIFF. To create a high-quality TIFF file, you’ll have to shoot in RAW, course of the picture in a RAW editor, then reserve it as a TIFF. You can {photograph} within the JPEG format (your digital camera will do an in-camera RAW-to-JPEG conversion), however this can cut back post-processing flexibility; you even have the choice to shoot in RAW, then save the file as a JPEG as soon as your modifying is full.

In different phrases: Whereas TIFF information are extra versatile for modifying, you possibly can all the time edit in RAW first, then convert to a JPEG or a TIFF file on the finish of your workflow.

editing a night photography photo
After you’ve edited a RAW file in Lightroom, it can save you as both a JPEG or a TIFF.

JPEG vs TIFF: Measurement (and picture high quality)

As I emphasised earlier on this article, TIFF information are considerably bigger than JPEGs – and so they function considerably higher picture high quality, too. JPEGs endure lossy compression, which discards picture knowledge, whereas a TIFF file’s data is absolutely preserved.

JPEGs might look pretty much as good as TIFFs, particularly when seen on a browser – however the lack of picture knowledge can cut back the format’s usefulness in case your aim is to print.

However, one of many major causes to make use of a JPEG is the massive quantity of space for storing you’ll save when working with excessive numbers of pictures. JPEGs take up far much less onerous drive house, plus they take up much less room on a reminiscence card (you possibly can usually get by on a single 32 GB or 64 GB picture card for days, weeks, and even months).

exporting a JPEG
Exporting my picture as a JPEG.

JPEG vs TIFF: Sensible makes use of

JPEGs are excellent for on-line sharing (with family and friends), social media, blogs, and a few printing.

TIFFs are primarily used once you want the most knowledge – that’s, the optimum file with one of the best particulars for output. Photographers usually use TIFFs for artwork present prints, magazines, brochures, and newspapers.

Exporting a photo as a TIFF
Exporting my picture as a TIFF.

JPEG vs TIFF: Metadata

Each JPEG and TIFF information embed metadata; that is important for stopping copyright theft, because the information will embrace further data (such because the picture proprietor).

Different EXIF metadata saved in each file codecs can embrace when and the place the picture was taken, the file dimension, the digital camera and lens used, and technical particulars such because the aperture, shutter speed, focal size, and ISO. You possibly can even add captions to your file metadata!

JPEG vs TIFF: Remaining phrases

JPEGs and TIFFs side by side

Now that you simply’ve completed this text, when it is sensible to make use of JPEG – and when it is sensible to make use of TIFF.

Whereas JPEGs will be one of the best file selection in case you’re trying to retain onerous drive space for storing and hold file sizes low, TIFFs provide superior high quality and suppleness when modifying.

Whether or not you select JPEG or TIFF is finally as much as you and is dependent upon your meant use. Simply you’ll want to select rigorously!

Now over to you:

When do you intend to make use of the TIFF format in your individual images? When do you intend to make use of JPEG? Share your ideas within the feedback beneath!

JPEG vs TIFF FAQs

What’s the distinction between TIFFs and JPEGs?

TIFF information are often bigger in dimension and permit customers to create high-quality prints. JPEGs are compressed and due to this fact decrease high quality (but in addition smaller).

Are TIFF information top quality?

TIFFs are uncompressed, which leads to very high-quality pictures (and really massive file sizes).

Is TIFF greater high quality than JPEG?

Sure, TIFF information endure zero compression, so that you lose no knowledge through the conversion. JPEGs do expertise (lossy) compression, so the standard takes successful.

Does changing from JPEG to TIFF enhance high quality?

No, sadly not. Changing a JPEG to a TIFF will enhance the file dimension, but it surely can’t create picture knowledge that has already been discarded. (A JPEG-to-TIFF conversion will, nonetheless, stop any additional compression.)

The publish JPEG vs TIFF: Which File Format Is Best? appeared first on Digital Photography School. It was authored by Jeremy Flint.

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